3.2. Continuum Processor
The CP image on the circuit diagram is divided into five rectangular parts that perform different tasks: Synthesis of functional dependencies of the input parameters $A(t)$Processing of logical input signals ask(t), transmission of synthetic analog signals r(t) to the output and transmits the output logic signal q and $\stackrel{\uffe3}{q}$ Contains information about connecting or disconnecting signal outputs r.
CP is a combination of analog circuits with a unified functional logical connection structure, which simultaneously solves two problems: calculating the functional dependence of parameters and logical analysis to decide on the method to choose to process the source data. Both tasks are jointly solved within the temporal continuum of source data changes. This is the fundamental difference between the proposed method and circuit solution and traditional computing schemes, which transition from analog to digital forms of signal representation and then to programs. Logical data processing in continuous computing devices is performed within those processes modeled.
Due to the combination of functional transformations and logical processes in continuous computation (discretization without time intervals), the device is treated as a single information object that responds in real time to changes in physical parameters. CP is a simulation model of a continuous process and, therefore, it can be integrated into technical systems in the form of an appropriate mathematical realtime model. Computational systems become part of continuous physical processes and are one of their links.
$$\mathrm{ask}(t)\wedge \mathsf{\theta}\left(F,A(t)\right)=\mathsf{I}\left(A(t)\right)\wedge \mathsf{Phi}\wedge \mathsf{\theta}\left(F,A(t)\right)$$
where θ, φ, ϑ are binary functions; θ is a check of calculation conditions, φ is a check of initial data preparation, ϑ is a check of constraints, F is a calculation function.
The CP includes a comparator for comparing the value of the analog signal X, a logic gate for verifying the condition (17), and an electronic switch for transmitting the analog signal Z to the network.
The speed of the CP determines the response time of the keys in the logic control circuit, which is about 10100 ns for modern analog switches. The proposed technical solution therefore provides the ability to control physical processes that vary in time and at frequencies up to tens of megahertz. At high speeds, the energy cost of CP is in mW because the calculation process does not require highfrequency switching.
Let us consider the example of using CP to perform continuous logical operations.
$\stackrel{\uffe3}{\mathrm{PI}}$if the input voltage x
. Figure 19 shows the agent circuit that performs the negation operation.The voltage x
.signal with zone
$\u2102$ or
$\stackrel{\uffe3}{\u2102}$ Tuples of parameters and analog and logical signals ϑ = (x,q_{X}) is fed to the CP input.
In case of applying parameters $\u2102$ Region to input, two variants of network reaction are possible:

when signal X voltage enters the area $\u2102$,output signal X π will appear at the CP output, and there will be no analog signal at the CP input. $\stackrel{\uffe3}{\mathsf{PI}}$;

when signal X voltage enters the area $\stackrel{\uffe3}{\u2102}$,output signal $\stackrel{\uffe3}{X}=X$ will appear at the output of CP $\stackrel{\uffe3}{\mathsf{PI}}$there will be no analog signal at the input of CP π.
Therefore, when performing a negation operation, CP $\stackrel{\uffe3}{\mathsf{PI}}$ will change the conditions for transmitting signals X and the conditions that control the aggregate operating mode in CP $\stackrel{\uffe3}{\mathsf{PI}}$ to the opposite person.
By changing the area parameters $\u2102(\stackrel{\uffe3}{\u2102})$ At the input of CP π, the conditions for using the network under consideration can be reversed.
Logic ready signalφ(X_{1}) and φ(X_{2}) from the circuit that checks whether the signal satisfies condition (17) X_{1} and X_{2}.
$${Z}_{\vee}=\{\begin{array}{c}\begin{array}{ccc}{F}_{1}({X}_{1},{X}_{2})& IF& {X}_{1}\epsilon {\u2102}_{1},{X}_{2}\epsilon {\u2102}_{2}\end{array}\\ \begin{array}{ccc}{F}_{2}({X}_{1})& IF& {X}_{1}\epsilon {\u2102}_{1},{X}_{2}\notin {\u2102}_{2}\end{array}\\ \begin{array}{ccc}{F}_{3}({X}_{2})& IF& {X}_{1}\notin {\u2102}_{1},{X}_{2}\epsilon {\u2102}_{2}\end{array}\end{array}$$
function f_{1}(X_{1},X_{2}) has the highest priority among tasks.If two signals x then use it_{1},X_{2} applied to the input of the device and does not violate the condition (1) of the selection function Z = f_{1}(X_{1},X_{2}). function f_{2}(X_{1}) applies when there is at least one requirement to use function f_{1} Violated, signal x_{1} applied to the input, selects the condition(1) of the function f_{2} There is no violation, and the limit on the value Z = f_{2}(X_{1}) are satisfied. function f_{3}(X_{3}) applies when there is at least one requirement to use function f_{1} and f_{2} Violated, signal x_{2} applied to the input, selects the condition(1) of the function f_{3} No violation.
The examples provided demonstrate the general functionality of CP embedded in various analog signal logic processing circuits. Hardware support for continuous logic allows you to create ACPN element libraries.
One of the most important properties of CPbased circuits is the relatively low frequency of changes in the voltage levels of the signals transmitted in the network. In digital computing devices, sequential computations require highfrequency clock signals. In CP, the functional dependence of the signal is continuously synthesized based on the given node values using interpolation methods. In this case, the frequency band of the analog signal is determined by the physical processes in the control object. It has a much narrower frequency band than digital pulses.
The frequency of signal changes is low, causing the communication lines to remain electrically shorted even if the ACPN units are sufficiently far apart from each other. Therefore, the coordination of ACPN devices is simplified compared to digital networks, and the implementation of distributed control systems for large objects is also simplified.
The frequency characteristics of the circuits on the CP are related to technical and physical limitations. Technical limitations are determined by the capabilities of the element library. Physical limitations are related to the specific implementation of ACPN. The main factor in physical limitations is the size of the control object.
ACPN functionally connects aggregates to perform automatic control of the flight stabilization process. Polymer spacing of tens of meters makes it possible to synthesize control signals in the frequency range of 1 MHz. In this case, the fluctuating characteristics of the connecting cables do not occur and the design of the control system is simplified. The structural simplification of the control system makes it possible to enhance its capabilities in improving reliability by connecting redundant communication channels.